Penaos eo ? Pe liv int
== Lesson 4 == What's it/he/she like? What
colour are they?
Y1. Complement of the subject
Penaos and pe
liv ask about the complement of the subject.
In answer to these questions the complement of the
subject is placed at the beginning of the
(replace the question word by the answer):
- Pe liv eo an ti ?
- Gwenn eo an ti
Y2. The plural
The plural of the 3rd person singular eo
- Mat int
- N'int ket mat
Y3. Agreement of the verb in the plural
The agreement of the verb with
the subject in the plural is not always made
The verb agrees:
- only in the negative,
- and if the subject is placed
before the verb.
- - Mat eo an traoù ?
- - Ya, mat int.
- - N'eo ket mat an traoù-se
- - Nann, an traoù-se n'int ket
rule holds true for
Deus is the imperative (command
form) singular, irregular, of the verb dont which becomes deuit in the plural.
Y5. Plural nouns
Blev (hair) and daoulagad (eyes) are plural.
Y6. The demonstrative
The demonstrative follows
the noun which is
preceded by the definite article. There are 3
, from the nearest to the furthest
(here,there,over-there/yonder), expressed by -mañ
, corresponding to the three
adverbs of place amañ
. Giving therefore: Article +
Noun + Demonstrative
- Al levr-mañ This book.
- An den-se That man.
- An ti-hont That house over
Y7. Demonstrative pronouns in the singular
These correspond to the 3 degrees already explained
- in the masculine: hemañ,
hennezh, henhont ;
- in the feminine: homañ,
Les forms in hont are a lot less